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- In detail
Chaga birch from a biological point of view belongs to the kingdom of mushrooms, to the species "mown tinder fungus". The dark growths on the trunks of trees, which are often found in deciduous forests, are the chaga mushroom.
Externally, chaga is an irregular growth, black in color, with a surface covered with small cracks. Inside, the mushroom has a dark brown hue, which brightens closer to the place where it adjoined the wood of the tree. Once harvested, the mushroom is usually crushed for easy storage and handling, as the cut mushroom quickly becomes very hard.
It is used in medicine.
Chaga has a unique chemical composition, which determines the presence of healing properties. This mushroom contains biologically active substances, among which the most important can be distinguished:
- Water - soluble chromogens;
- Organic acids (oxalic, acetic, formic, tartaric);
- Chagic acid;
- Sterols (steroid compounds);
- Minerals (magnesium, potassium, iron, manganese, cobalt, copper, zinc, nickel, aluminum, silver, etc. );
Storage conditions and shelf life
It is recommended to store dried raw materials in paper bags, boxes or bags made of breathable fabric. Do not store medicinal mushroom in closed containers made of materials that do not allow oxygen to pass through, as chaga must "breathe". The mushroom storage room should be dark, dry and cool.
When stored properly, dried mushrooms retain their beneficial properties for two years.